The thyroid is a small gland shaped like a butterfly, it is located in the lower front part of the neck, just below the voice box. Sometimes, the thyroid produces too much hormone and it may also develop structural problems, such as swelling and the growth of cysts or nodules. Thyroid surgery may be necessary when these problems occur. Types of thyroid surgery are lobectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy, total thyroidectomy. Usually, ENT specialists and Endocrine surgeons perform thyroid surgery.