Post by DoctoriDuniya

Have you ever noticed discolored urine usually brownish or red? If yes, then definitely it is not something you should ignore. Sometimes, it might be due to something you ate last night or the medicines you are taking, but not always. You might be experiencing hematuria and possibly at risk of some medical condition. Hematuria is a condition that can happen at any point in life but often happen in patients over age 50 and causes presence of Red Blood Cell in the urine. 


The most common medical problems and factors that cause blood in urine are kidney stone, urinary tract infections, kidney infections, bladder or prostate cancer, intense exercise and many more. Hematuria is not always a serious condition and can be self-treating. But it is recommended to taking care of the symptoms and knowing the underlying causes. 


Types of Hematuria-

1. Microscopic Hematuria- Microscopic hematuria is a condition in which you cannot see the presence of blood in urine with your naked eye and can be seen only by microscope. This is diagnosed by the urine test.


2. Macroscopic Hematuria- In this condition the presence of blood in the urine can be seen with the naked eyes, as your urine appears to be red or brownish. People experiencing macroscopic hematuria may also experience painful urination, low grade fever, vomiting and nausea.


Hematuria can be from a non-serious cause-

1. Vigorous exercise

2. Kidney stones

3. Trauma

4. Infection (like a bladder infection or urinary tract infection)

Some serious cause are-

1. Inflammation of the kidney, urethra, bladder or prostate

2. Polycystic kidney disease

3. Sickle cell disease

4. Cancer of the kidney or bladder

5. Certain medications such as the chemotherapy 

Hematuria’s noticeable signs and symptoms-

1. Orange, pink, red, dark red or cola-colored urine

2. Pain while urination

3. Joint pain

4. Vomiting

5. Low grade fever

What are the risk factors?

1. Age over 50

2. Female

3. Athlete

4. Family history of kidney stone

5. Certain medication


Consult your doctor right away, as  you see blood in urine. Do not avoid the condition,even though it stops, you should still talk to your doctor.




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