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CHOLESTEROL:Your Best Friend And Worst Enemy

Post by DoctoriDuniya

Facts

1. Do you know that 2 million people die every year due to heart diseases?

2. Every 33 second one person dies from heart attack.

3. Men living in urban areas are more susceptible to heart diseases than a person living in rural area.

4. Bad cholesterol is being a leading factor for heart attack.

Know more about cholesterol-

Cholesterol is waxy, fat-like substance present in each cell of the body. 80% of the cholesterol is produced by the liver which is helpful in the production of vitamin D, certain hormones, and formation of the cell membrane. Cholesterol is also found in some of the food we eat. Cholesterol acts as both friend and enemy for our body. Our body needs some cholesterol to perform some functions but an excess amount of cholesterol can be life threatening.

 

Symptoms

High cholesterol usually shows no symptoms but many people may experience weight gain. It’s important to regularly monitor your cholesterol level to protect yourself from the deadly disease. If left untreated, high cholesterol increases your risk of heart disease. A blood test is the only way to detect high cholesterol.

Risk factors

There are many factors that increase your risk of high cholesterol such as

Unhealthy diet or poor diet

Lack of exercise

Smoking

Diabetes

Kidney disease

Hypothyroidism

Family history or genetics

Complications

1. You may experience chest pain and other symptoms of coronary artery disease.

2. High cholesterol increases the risk of heart attack

3. High cholesterol may create a blockage of blood in the brain that leads blood clot or stroke.

List of foods that contains high cholesterol include:

Red meat

Liver and other organ meats

Dairy products like cheese, milk, ice cream, and butter

Eggs

Deep fried foods

Peanut butter

Some baked goods, like muffins

Chocolate

Some other conditions such as genetic, diabetes and hypothyroidism may also lead to high cholesterol.

How Is High Cholesterol Diagnosed?

Blood test( lipid panel)

How Is High Cholesterol Treated and Prevented?

1. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and performing physical activities such as exercise may reduce your cholesterol level. Consulting your doctor is also an option to get medication.

2. Lifestyle Changes Changing your lifestyle means reducing stress, regular checkups and following certain medication increases your life quality and may reduce cholesterol level.

3. Change your diet, you can eat chicken and fish that are not fried include lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your food.

4. Avoid fried or fatty foods as well high carbohydrate food and processed sugars

5. Eat fish containing omega-3 fatty acids, almonds, and nuts

6. Avoid consumption of excess amounts of alcohol.

7. Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy products.

8. Avoid fast food and junk food.

9. Eat a diet high in fiber.

10. Get your cholesterol checked regularly.

11. Maintain a healthy weight.

12. Exercise at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week.

13. Quit smoking.

What Types of Doctors Treat High Cholesterol?

Specialists who treat or help manage high cholesterol include the following:

1. Cardiologists 

2. Nutritionists or registered dietitians

3. Exercise physiologists

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