Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic renal failure is the progressive loss of kidney function. Each of your kidneys has millions of tiny filters, called nephron. If they are damaged, your kidney stops working. Kidneys purify wastes and filter excess fluids from your blood, which are then discharged through your urine. When chronic kidney disease comes to an advanced stage, dangerous and harmful fluid, electrolytes and wastes increases in the body.
In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, you may experience few symptoms or no symptoms. Chronic kidney disease may not become clear until your kidney function is fully damaged.
Signs and symptoms of kidney disease may include:
Loss of appetite
Changes in the amount of urine
Decreased mental sharpness
Muscle jerks and cramps
Swelling of feet and ankles
Shortness of breath
High blood pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure
Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
Family history of kidney disease
Abnormal kidney structure
Increases risk of bone fractures
Damage to your central nervous system
Decreases immune systems
Pregnancy complications that carry risks for the mother.
End-stage kidney diseases eventually requires either dialysis or a kidney transplant for survival
For kidney disease diagnosis, you may also need certain tests and procedures, such as:
1. Blood tests
2. Urine tests
3. Imaging tests
4. Removing a sample of kidney tissue for testing (kidney biopsy).
Dialysis is a artificial process of removal of waste products and harmful fluid from the body, when your kidney no longer perform this function.
It is advisable to you that if you suspect any of these symptoms consult your doctor before its too late.
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