According to World Health Organization, the number of cases of dengue-the mosquito borne disease is spreading rapidly. It is also predicted that half of the world’s population is now at risk. Due to the change in weather, early onset of monsoon and continuous rain, the vector borne disease has taken many lives as per the health experts. Purvanchal has also considered among the most prone area affected by the deadly disease dengue. According to the report collected by the health ministry, approximately 20,000 cases have been reported in India so far in 2017. The government has also started taking an initiative of awareness campaigns to stop it from spreading. Let’s know more about its symptoms and complications and the ways to prevent it.
Dengue is a mosquito-borne potentially-deadly-complication that causes flu like infection.Aedes Aegypti,a female mosquito species, transmit deadly virus and cause infections.This species also causes chikunguniya, yellow fever and zika virus. There is still no exact treatment to cure it but early detection and proper medication can help lower its fatality rate. The best way to prevent yourself from dengue is to adopt effective control measures.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever-
Its symptoms usually start to appear after four to six days of infection and last for up to 10 days to 15 days.
• High temperature
• Severe headaches
• Pain behind the eyes
• Pain in the abdomen
• Severe joint and muscle pain
• Skin rash or Skin spot
• Nose bleed
• Bleeding gums
• Loss of appetite
• Sore throat
Severe complication of dengue-
• Hemorrhagic fever
• Enlargement of liver
• Damage of lungs
• Heart failure
• Massive nose bleeding
Here are the risk factors that put people at greater risk of getting dengue fever are-
1. Living or traveling in tropical areas
2. Prior infection with a dengue fever virus
Test to diagnose dengue fever-
1. Antibody titer (a lab test that measures the level of antibodies in a blood sample)
2. Blood Test (Complete blood count)
4. PCR test
Treatment for Dengue Fever-
There is no specific treatment to treat dengue infection. Your doctor may prescribe certain medication to treat your fever. He may suggest you full rest.You need to drink plenty of fluid to prevent dehydration.Your doctor will restrict you from taking certain medications such as aspirin, which could worsen the conditions and cause severe bleeding.
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