Post by DoctoriDuniya
Dry mouth which is medically termed as xerostomia is not a disease but a condition which causes your mouth dry and uncomfortable, cracked lips, frequent thirst and hoarseness in voice. Our mouth requires saliva to moisten and digest food. Saliva also thoroughly cleanses the mouth and helps prevent bacteria and fungus. It helps wash away the left over particles in the mouth and prevents decay.
Enough saliva cleanses your tongue gently and prevents serious infections and disorder. When your mouth does not make enough saliva or very little saliva, your chances of getting serious infections and diseases increases. Decreased amount of saliva may also lead to increased thirst and extreme dry mouth. It can make it difficult for you to speak, eat and digest your food. In some cases it may also lead to malnutrition and can disable a person’s quality of life. It may also cause gum disease and tooth decay.
What Are the Symptoms of Dry Mouth?
Common symptoms include:
1. Dry mouth and sticky feeling.
2. Frequent thirst
3. Cracked lips
4. Sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth
5. Burning sensation in the mouth
6. Dry and raw tongue
7. Sore throat.
8. Dry nasal passages.
9. Bad breath
10. Problem with speaking, chewing and swallowing
What Causes Dry Mouth?
1. Side effects of diseases- There are various underlying diseases and infections that cause dry mouth. Some of them are- diabetes, anemia, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, arthritis, hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, HIV/ AIDS, mumps, and stroke.
2. Side effects of certain medications- If you are on certain medication then you might feel frequent thirst and dry mouth. Drugs treating diseases like depression, anxiety, pain, colds, obesity, urinary infections, asthma, vomiting are more common to cause dry mouth. Certain treatments such as chemotherapy may also cause dry mouth.
3. Surgery or injury- If you have gone through any surgery or injury to your head or neck area you might also feel dry mouth.
4. Dehydration- Dehydrated body may also make your mouth dry. Dehydration leads to excessive sweating, vomiting and dry mouth.
5. Unhealthy Lifestyle-
Unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking, chewing tobacco, or alcohol consumption may also increase your chances of getting dry mouth. Breathing with your mouth instead of nose also increases your problem.
How Is Dry Mouth Treated?
If you are experiencing dry mouth, you should consult your doctor; he or she may prescribe medicine to treat your problem. You can also treat your problem and improve your saliva level by following these small tips- Drink enough water to moisten your mouth, breath with nose, avoids breathing from mouth, visit your dentist regularly, brush with fluoride toothpaste, limit your caffeine intake, and stop using tobacco.
"Stay Informed,Stay Healthy."