Doctorduniya

Dry Eyes problem and solution

Post by DoctoriDuniya

 

dry eyes

Have your eyes been feeling irritated or dry? Have you been experiencing gritty, sticky, or burning sensation in your eyes? Or your eyes were red, or watery?

17–20% of the world population regardless of age, lifestyle, or occupation, suffers from this disease. Aging people and women after menopause are more affected by this disease. An increase in computer or screen time is also causing various symptoms of this disease.

There are small glands inside our eyelids that produce complex lubricating material that mixes with natural tears. This mixture creates a mucous and lipid layer in front of the eyes called Tear film. Tear film lubricates our eyes and washes away dust, bacteria and provides comfort. Tear film also prevents the evaporation of fluid from the eye surface. Regular blinking of eyelids maintains the lubrication of the tear film.

 

Dry eyes

Symptoms at a different stage of dry eyes are

· Sensitivity to light

· Itching & burning sensation in eyes

· Dryness with inflammation of the cornea (Keratitis sicca)

· Dry eye affecting the cornea and the conjunctiva (Keratoconjunctivitis)

· Watery Eye - In response to irritation and dryness, the eye sometimes produces excessive tears resulting in a watery eye

· Redness of Eye and Blurred Vision

· Difficulty in night driving & difficulty in wearing contact lenses

  1. Long Screen Time: Sitting in front of the computer, mobile, and other screens for a long time causes dryness and pain in the eyes. Excessive use of these digital gadgets results in computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain.

Nowadays, dry eye has become a known problem in the medical fraternity. Patients of dry eye due to digital eye strain are increasing at a very high rate. In the last few years and due to pandemic and lockdown dependency on these gadgets have been grown very much. Online education, online meetings, and work from home have added to the problem. Staring continuously at these gadgets for a long time reduces the Blinking rate from 13–16 blinks to 6–8 blinks per minute. Less blinking rate doesn’t maintain the moisture and lubrication of the eye surface.

  1. Myopia Gland Dysfunction: Dysfunction in myopia glands in eyelids leads to less secretion of lubricating materials. Less lubricant on the eye surface erupts the protective layer (Tear film) and increases fluid evaporation (evaporative dry eye), resulting in frequent eye dryness.
  2. Eyelid inflammation: This is also called Blepharitis. There are small glands at the origin of eyelashes. These glands get clogged due to any reason causing eye redness and irritation.
  3. Aging: Production of tear diminishes as age progress, and after age 50 dry eyes become more common in men or women.
  4. Environmental factors: Direct air of AC or Fan, less humidity in indoors, Arid or semi-arid climates, air pollution can cause symptoms associated with dry eye.
  5. Medical factors: Various medical conditions like Diabetes, Sjogren Syndrome, and Allergic Conjunctivitis also induce dry eye syndrome.
  6. Medications: Certain medications like anti-depressants, anti-histamine, etc. can cause dry eye disease.
  7. Pregnancy and Menopause: In both the cases during pregnancy and after menopause, women are likely to develop dry eyes.

There are many preventive measures one can take to avoid dryness of the eye. A few steps are depicted below.

  • Blink regularly: Do not stare continuously while reading books and watching smartphones, Laptops, or other digital screens. Maintain the frequency of eye blinking.
  • Increase the humidity in the air at work and at home.
  • Avoid direct air blown into the eyes, Wear sunglasses for outdoors and while driving two-wheelers.
  • Do regular exercise-related to eye fitness.
  • Include Vitamin A, Omega fatty acid in your food.
  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking water regularly.

Your Ophthalmologist will do a few tests and procedures to determine the cause of dry eye. He can do some tests to measure the quality, volume, or composition of tears.

  • Medical treatment: Untreated, dry eye problems can progress over time, and it can complicate any therapy and lead to other issues like a corneal ulcer, corneal scarring, etc.

There are several ways to treat dry eye, your Ophthalmologist will decide on proper treatment after diagnosing the reason behind the dry eye disease. An eye specialist’s main aim is to restore the usual amount of tears, comfort, and eye health. Treatment approaches also include tear conservation, tear production, artificial tear solutions, etc.

  • Surgical Treatment: Eye surgeons, in some cases, can also advise you on surgery.

You can also consult online at various digital healthcare websites like practo.com, doctoriduniya.com, etc., for your dry eye problems. At DoctoriDuniya.com you can book an appointment with an ophthalmologist 24X7, with an eOPD and an e-prescription facility.

At DoctoriDuniya.com Patients can also create their online Personal Medical Account called NAINI. Here they can track the history of e-prescriptions, get free follow-ups; get an online consultation with General physicians or Ophthalmologists and store their lab reports & Health records for further actions at naini.doctoriduniya.com.

 

Eye careOnline healthcare

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