Have your eyes been feeling irritated or dry? Have you been experiencing gritty, sticky, or burning sensation in your eyes? Or your eyes were red, or watery?
17–20% of the world population regardless of age, lifestyle, or occupation, suffers from this disease. Aging people and women after menopause are more affected by this disease. An increase in computer or screen time is also causing various symptoms of this disease.
There are small glands inside our eyelids that produce complex lubricating material that mixes with natural tears. This mixture creates a mucous and lipid layer in front of the eyes called Tear film. Tear film lubricates our eyes and washes away dust, bacteria and provides comfort. Tear film also prevents the evaporation of fluid from the eye surface. Regular blinking of eyelids maintains the lubrication of the tear film.
Symptoms at a different stage of dry eyes are
· Sensitivity to light
· Itching & burning sensation in eyes
· Dryness with inflammation of the cornea (Keratitis sicca)
· Dry eye affecting the cornea and the conjunctiva (Keratoconjunctivitis)
· Watery Eye - In response to irritation and dryness, the eye sometimes produces excessive tears resulting in a watery eye
· Redness of Eye and Blurred Vision
· Difficulty in night driving & difficulty in wearing contact lenses
Nowadays, dry eye has become a known problem in the medical fraternity. Patients of dry eye due to digital eye strain are increasing at a very high rate. In the last few years and due to pandemic and lockdown dependency on these gadgets have been grown very much. Online education, online meetings, and work from home have added to the problem. Staring continuously at these gadgets for a long time reduces the Blinking rate from 13–16 blinks to 6–8 blinks per minute. Less blinking rate doesn’t maintain the moisture and lubrication of the eye surface.
There are many preventive measures one can take to avoid dryness of the eye. A few steps are depicted below.
Your Ophthalmologist will do a few tests and procedures to determine the cause of dry eye. He can do some tests to measure the quality, volume, or composition of tears.
There are several ways to treat dry eye, your Ophthalmologist will decide on proper treatment after diagnosing the reason behind the dry eye disease. An eye specialist’s main aim is to restore the usual amount of tears, comfort, and eye health. Treatment approaches also include tear conservation, tear production, artificial tear solutions, etc.
You can also consult online at various digital healthcare websites like practo.com, doctoriduniya.com, etc., for your dry eye problems. At DoctoriDuniya.com you can book an appointment with an ophthalmologist 24X7, with an eOPD and an e-prescription facility.
At DoctoriDuniya.com Patients can also create their online Personal Medical Account called NAINI. Here they can track the history of e-prescriptions, get free follow-ups; get an online consultation with General physicians or Ophthalmologists and store their lab reports & Health records for further actions at naini.doctoriduniya.com.
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