Doctorduniya

GALLBLADDER STONE: TREATMENT AND SURGERIES

Post by DoctoriDuniya

Do you often experience harsh and intense pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen or in the center of the abdomen? Do you have continuous back pain? Do you suffer from harsh and severe pain in your right shoulder? Or after having a meal you feel nausea or vomiting. You really need to be careful and must not ignore these problems as it might be the possibility that your body has developed gallbladder stone. Sometimes the pain can be mild and stone can pass through urine. But sometimes it is very large in size that you have to resort to the surgery.

GALLBLADDER-

The Gallbladder is a small and pear-sized organ which is situated beneath the liver. A gallbladder contains digestive juice called bile juice which is produced by the liver and released into the small intestine. Bile juice helps in digesting fat, but its presence itself is not necessary for the body. Removing gallbladder in a person considerably cause no problems with health but there may be some small risk of digestion related issues.

GALLSTONES-

Gallstones are hard stones of digestive fluid that form in your gallbladder. Gallstones sizes may vary from small to large. Some people may have only one gallstone, while others may have many gallstones at the same time.

 

 

SYMPTOMS-

Sudden and intense pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen

Acute  pain in the center of your abdomen

Severe back pain between your shoulder

Pain in your right shoulder

Nausea or vomiting

Indigestion

Abdominal cramps

CAUSES-

RISK FACTOR-

·         Being age 40 or older

·         Being overweight or obese

·         Being sedentary

·         Being pregnant

·         Eating a high-fat diet

·         Eating a high-cholesterol diet

·         Eating a low-fiber diet

·         Having a family history

·         Having diabetes 

·         Losing weight very quickly

·         Having liver disease

·         Female gender

 

Complications of gallstones may include:

 Inflammation of the gallbladder.

 Blockage of the common bile duct. 

 Blockage of the pancreatic duct. 

 Gallbladder cancer.

DIAGNOSIS-

1. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

2. Test to create pictures of gallbladder

    3. Tests to check your bile ducts for gallstones.

 

 4. Blood tests to look for complications. 

 

People with gallstones that does not cause symptoms will usually need  no treatment.

Treatment options for gallstones include:

1. Surgery to remove the gallbladder

2. Medications to dissolve gallstones

PREVENTION-

You can reduce your risk of gallstones if you:

·         Don't skip meals.

·         Lose weight slowly.

·         Maintain a healthy weight. 

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