How To Avoid Heat-Related Illness During Summer

Post by DoctoriDuniya









Heat-related illness that causes problem are-







Hypothermia- Hypothermia is a condition in which body temperature rises higher than normal (normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit) due to improper functioning of thermoregulation process. It is caused by overexertion and prolonged period of time spent in hot weather. Its symptoms include heavy sweating, quick breathing, and a fast pulse. Sometimes it can be dangerous and can cause heat stroke.In children, it may lead to seizure (a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain) that may cause organs failure, unconsciousness and eventually death. So it is recommended that you should avoid exposure to heat as much as possible and should keep yourself hydrated throughout the summer.


Dehydration- Dehydration is a complete loss of body water. Dehydration causes dry lips and tongue, increased thirst, headache, weakness, dizziness, nausea, cramps and dark urine. If you are engaged in prolonged activity in direct sunlight, the chance of getting dehydration increases. If you suspect any of the symptoms, keep yourself in a cool area and increase intake of water or juice. If dehydration is not treated correctly and timely it may lead to heat cramps and heat stroke. To prevent dehydration, stay out of direct exposure to sunlight, especially between 10 am and 2 pm, have chilled drink water and wear loose and lightweight clothing.


Sweating- Sweating is a cooling mechanism that allows dissipation of heat. Excessive sweating can lead to loss of fluids and electrolytes and sodium content of the blood. To replenish volume of water and other fluid and maintain the cooling mechanism is important for the body to stay cool and hydrated. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, confusion, and headache. It is important to keep yourself hydrated throughout the day and may avoid spending time in the direct heat.




Heat cramps- Heat cramps are the mildest form of heat illness and associated with cramping in the abdomen, arms, and calves. It is caused by the excessive dissemination of fluid and electrolytes from the body. Painful muscle cramps can occur during or after overexertion and sweat in the high heat. It can be avoided with the proper intake of drink, consisting adequate amount of electrolytes and salt.


Heat exhaustion- Heat exhaustion can be more dangerous than heat cramps and results from a loss of water and salt in the body. It occurs in conditions of extreme heat and excessive sweating without adequate fluid and salt replacement. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is unable to cool itself properly and, if left untreated, can progress to dreadful heat stroke.



Heat stroke- Heat stroke the most severe and deadly form of heat illness happens when the body's heat-regulating system is overwhelmed by excessive heat. It happens when the body temperature rises from 104 F or higher. It requires immediate medication and can lead to death if not treated timely.


Heat rash- Heat rash is the result of excessive sweating. It causes itchy rashes all over the body with stinging sensation. It can be prevented by avoiding direct exposure of sun, using air conditioning to cool the environment, wearing light clothing Frequent showers or baths with mild soap can also help to prevent heat rashes.





There are multiple ways that can be adopted to prevent being overheated.

  • Avoid excessive and direct sun exposure.
  • Exercise in the early morning or evening when it is not as hot and humid.
  • Avoid heavy and tight clothing and unnecessary equipment.
  • Have adequate fluid and electrolyte replacement throughout the day.
  • Being aware of sign and symptoms of dehydration.
  • Have an adequate drink, containing salt and sugar during outdoor activities.
  • Wear a hat, sunglasses and use an umbrella.
  • Use sunscreen or lotion.
  • Use weather reading to plan your activities.


Physical Activity and NutritionPrimary carePublic healthQuality of life (healthcare)Urgent careVirtual Practice

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