Doctorduniya

KNOW MORE ABOUT BREAST CANCER

Post by DoctoriDuniya

It is estimated that 1 in 28 Indian women is susceptible to have breast cancer and the numbers may double by 2030. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the women. One in ten of all new cancers diagnosed each year is a cancer of the breast. More than 1.1 million cases have diagnosed till date. It is the second most common cancer now after lung cancer. But the silver lining is that if detected earlier, breast cancer has 98% chances of survival.

Breast cancer is cancer that develops in the cells of the breasts. There are several types of breast cancer, but cancer that begins in the milk ducts is the more common than others. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it is more common in women.


Symptoms-

Visible lump

Inversion

Color change

Texture change

Blood discharged

Itchy skin

Swelling of a breast

Shrinking of a breast

 

Risk Factors-

Female gender

Advancing ages

Family history

Radiation exposure

Lack of physical activity

Getting older

Having dense breast

Obesity

Drinking Alcohol

 

Diagnosis-

Breast exam

Mammogram

Breast ultrasound

Biopsy

Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

 

Treatment-

Radiation therapy

Hormone therapy

Chemotherapy

Here are the simple ways to prevent cancer and also help in early detection. 

1. Regular exercise - at least 30 mins of exercise daily

2. Quit smoking

3. Quit alcohol consumption

4. Reduce excess weight to the normal range

5. Be breast aware - do regular self-examinations

6. Clinical breast examination by an experienced breast surgeon after the age of 35 years (annually)

7. Regular mammograms after 40 years of age. 

 

8. If there is a family history of breast cancer, do consult your oncologist to discuss your risk of breast cancer.

9. Eat healthy food such as fruits and vegetables.

Cancer

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