MOST COMMON CHILDHOOD DISEASES AND THEIR SYMPTOMS

Post by DoctoriDuniya


It is extremely important as a parent to be aware of the various neonatal and childhood diseases and its symptoms.A parent should also be aware of the vaccination at different stages of baby growth.Sometimes a little ignorance can lead to fatalities or disabilities both physically or intellectually and can also play an adverse role in child’s development. Due to the weak immune system, they are more susceptible to develop some common diseases than adults. Let’s know more about the diseases and their symptoms.


1.Chickenpox-Chicken pox is an extremely common childhood disease that can occur at any stage of the life.If not treated on time it can create life-threatening complications.Timely vaccination can help prevent this disease.Symptoms of chicken pox include-

Fever

Red rashes

Blisters

Bacterial skin infection

Loss of appetite

Sore throat

Headache

Swollen lymph node



2.Diarrhoea-Diarrhoea is also a childhood disease that affects most of the babies.Diarrhea is caused due to a bacterial or viral infection in the intestine that causes loose or watery stool and vomiting.Diarrhea can also cause dehydration.

Some of the symptoms are-

Frequent watery or loose stool

Nausea

Vomiting

Abdominal cramps

Abdominal pain

Blood in stool

Fever

3.Diphtheria-Diphtheria is an infection related to nose and throat. It is a common childhood problem that affects 100 thousands children per year. It is a highly contagious disease that spreads through coughing or sneezing.It is curable and preventable by proper vaccine.

Its symptoms include-

Chills and shivers

Fever

Sore throat

Bluish skin

Breathing difficulties



                                                             


4.Hepatitis A-Hepatitis A is a combination of multiple disorders that infects the liver. It is caused by contaminated food or water with HAV-infected stool or through direct contact with an infected person. It can be silent sometimes and shows no symptoms, sometimes it shows symptoms like-

Diarrhoea

Nausea

Vomiting

Muscle pain

Fever

Loss of appetite


5.Hepatitis B-Hepatitis B is a contagious disease that affects the liver. It spreads by coming in contact with the body fluids of an infected person and causes liver inflammation and irritation. Early symptoms may include

Loss of appetite

Fatigue

Fever

Muscle and joint aches

Nausea and vomiting

Yellow skin

Dark urine.

6.Influenza -This is a bacterial infection and contagious disease that spreads when a healthy person come in contact with infected person. Most of the time it spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs.Some of its symptoms include

Running nose

Cough

Sore throat

Chill and fever

Sneezing


7.Polio-Polio is an extremely contagious disease which is caused by a virus. It attacks the nervous system that hampers the functioning of the brain and spinal cord. It spreads by coming in contact with the faeces, mucus or saliva of an infected person.

Its symptoms include-

Muscle pain

Fatigue

Fever

Headache

Muscle weakness

Vomiting

Sore throat


                                                       

                                                          "Be informed ,Be healthy"

Acute careChildren's healthChronic care

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