Stroke is among top ten leading causes of death and disability in India.Those with high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol level are more susceptible to get stroke than others.O ne of the most common risk factors is high BP. In India, More than 16% of people above 20 years of age are suffering from high BP. According to WHO 80% stroke cases would occur in India by 2050.
A brain attack or stroke,medically known as a brain hemorrhagic is a medical emergency condition when the supply of blood to the brain is reduced or blocked causing brain cells to die.
Strokes can occur quickly and suddenly without prior warning or symptoms. Some of its symptoms are-
• Weakness and numbness on one side of the body
• Difficulty in speaking and understanding the words
• Loss of vision
• Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance and coordination
• Severe headaches or in some cases Death.
How do you recognise stroke?
STROKE: REMEMBER THE 6 S METHOD TO DIAGNOSE STROKE
• SUDDEN (symptoms usually start suddenly)
• SLURRED SPEECH (speech is not clear, as if drunk)
• SIDE WEAK (face, arm or leg or all three can get weak)
• SPINNING (VERTIGO)
• SEVERE HEADACHE
What are the causes and risk factors of stroke?
Poor thinking skills
Longer working hours
Advanced age or age above 40
Pain in the hands and feet
Overweight or obesity
Trouble controlling or expressing emotions.
There are three main kinds of stroke:
1. Ischemic strokes
2. Hemorrhagic strokes
3. Transient ischemic attacks.
Treatment- Treatment of stroke depends on the types of stroke a person had and which part of the brain is affected. If not treated on time may lead to permanent disability or death.
Stroke is an emergency condition that has to to be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible in order to reduce risk and brain damage.
How to diagnose a stroke
The signs of stroke and can help identify the onset of stroke more quickly
Face drooping: if the person tries to smile does one side of the face droop?
Arm weakness: if the person tries to raise both their arms does one arm drift downward?
Speech difficulty: if the person tries to repeat a simple phrase is their speech slurred or strange?
Time to call: if any of these signs are observed, contact the emergency services.
There are different types of diagnostic tests that are used to determine which type of stroke has occurred:
1. Physical examination
2. Blood tests
3. CT scan and X-ray
4. MRI scan
5. Carotid ultrasound
6. Cerebral angiogram
Preventing a stroke
The best way to prevent a stroke is to address the underlying causes. This is best done by living healthily, which means:
1. Eating a healthy diet means eating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds.
2. Maintaining a healthy weight
3. Exercise regularly
4. Not smoking
5. Avoiding alcohol or moderating consumption.
6. Keeping blood pressure under control
7. Managing diabetes well
8. Treating obstructive sleep apnea (if present).
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