Hypertension, a silent epidemic, that no one wants to have in their life. If you’ve been diagnosed with hypertension, it means you are more susceptible to get a heart attack or a stroke. That’s really not pleasant news. Hypertension may be inherited but can also be prevented.
Hypertension is one of the most common lifestyle diseases today. Worldwide 1 in 3 adults has high blood pressure, a condition that leads to heart attack and stroke. Hypertension can be referred as a silent killer because it shows no symptoms in approximately 90% patients. 1.1 billion people have high blood pressure and nearly half of them don’t know they have it.
Cause for worry?
Hypertension is likely to end up being a silent epidemic in the upcoming days, and according to estimation one-third of the population would be hypertensive by 2020. Currently, 20 to 40% of urban people are 12 to 17% of rural people are hypertensive.
What is hypertension?
Hypertension is defined as a persistently elevating blood pressure, exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg — a systolic pressure above 140 with a diastolic pressure above 90.
"Blood pressure is the measurement of force applied on your artery walls while blood circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally increases and decreases throughout the day, but can create severe health issues if it stays high for a long time. High BP can lead to heart disease and stroke — leading causes of death in India."
High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the reasons that kill 1.5 million people every year.
Factors that are responsible for hypertension-
Late and delayed eating, excessive and unreasonable time spent on smartphones, computers or laptops by youngsters, lack of physical work, sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy and unhygienic diet, lack of exercise and physical walk, excessive use of harmful tobacco and alcohol etc.
Steps to prevent hypertension-
1. Healthy diet.
2. Physical activity.
3. Avoiding tobacco.
4. Avoiding alcohol.
5. Avoid stress and tension.
6. Reduce overweight.
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