Post by DoctoriDuniya
10th May is observed as a World Lupus Day across the world to raise awareness about the fatal, life-threatening, and altering, invisible, and often hard to diagnose disease. This day is dedicated to making people aware of the lesser-known facts about the chronic and unpredictable disease. The motive of this day to encourage people to show support for the affected person and to help prevent and control the spread and impacts of the disease.
To add more, lupus comes in the category of chronic and life-changing autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its own tissues and organs. The most commonly affected organs include skin, kidneys, brain, lungs, hearts, joints, and blood cells. According to health professionals, its symptoms are often difficult to diagnose as they are quite similar to some other autoimmune disease and ailments.
What are the most common symptoms of Lupus?
Its symptoms may vary from person to person and the body parts and organs it has affected. Some common symptoms include-
1) Pain, swelling, stiffness, and inflammation in the muscles
2) Shortness of breath and chest pain
3) Persistent fever and fatigue
4) Headache, confusion, and memory loss
5) Disfigurement of skin, darkening, itchiness, redness on skin or scalp, thinning, and wrinkling of the skin
7) High blood pressure and excessive hair also can also be seen
What causes Lupus?
Though the researchers and doctors are still unsure of what causes lupus, it is assumed that there are various factors that contribute to a great extent. Some of them are-
1) Hormones- Researchers have linked a strong relationship between the hormones and lupus. Evidence suggests that women are more susceptible to suffer from lupus than men owing to estrogen hormones.
2) Environmental Factors- Environmental factors such as ultraviolet rays, excessive exposure to sunlight, silica dust, cement, injury, and cigarette put people at risk of developing lupus.
3) Hereditary- Evidence suggests that it is more common in families who have past history of lupus.
How to slow or prevent the development of lupus?
As this disease is life-altering and debilitating so it is necessary to be aware of the facts that trigger its symptoms or cause lupus. By avoiding such triggers you can fight off the disease. Early diagnosis can also be helpful in the prevention and management of lupus. The early medication slows down the progress of the disease. Avoiding sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy eating habits, excessive sun exposure, maintaining healthy weights and bone density, avoiding smoke, minimizing stress and anxiety, exercising regularly you can highly reduce the chances of developing it.
Diagnosis and treatment-
Based on your symptoms and medical history you may undergo various physical examination, laboratory tests, and X-rays to confirm it. You may also need to consult a rheumatologist to manage your conditions. The worst part is that currently there is no treatment available for lupus. The available treatment can only ease and slow down the growth of the disease.
"Be Informed, Be Healthy"