What Causes Epilepsy? Know More About It

Post by DoctoriDuniya

Epilepsy is the second most abnormal neurological condition that affects one-sixth of the Indian population. Based on statistics 14 people per 1000 are susceptible to develop epilepsy in which children and young adults are at higher risk. According to the World Health Organization, 12 million people affected with epilepsy reside in India and 95% of them do not receive any sort of treatment. Epilepsy is a disease of the nervous system that does not only adversely affect the health of the victim but can also affect the educational, professional, and married life of the affected person.
According to experts, neuro specialist epilepsy is a completely curable disease with the help of a proper treatment that may take one or more years to completely overcome. But unfortunately, many of the epilepsy patients either do not go for the treatment or stop medication once they are symptoms free.
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which a person has recurrent episodes of seizures. The seizure occurs due to the abnormal electrical activity within the brain cells. The frequency of the seizure may range from mild to severe depending on which part of the brain is affected. If only one part of the brain is affected, it is medically considered as partial seizures and when the whole brain is affected, it is termed as a generalized seizure.
What are the symptoms of epilepsy?
The symptoms depend on the severity of the conditions and which part of the brain is affected. Some of its common symptoms based on the type of seizure include-
• Alterations to the sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch
• Dizziness
• Tingling and twitching of limbs
• Unresponsiveness
• Staring blankly
• Performing repetitive movements
• Muscle stiffness
• Shaking
• Loss of bladder or bowel control
• Biting of the tongue
• Loss of consciousness
What are the reasons/causes of epilepsy?
There are various reasons which may contribute to seizure. Some of them are-
• High fever
• Head trauma/ injury
• Very low blood sugar
• Alcohol withdrawal
• Tumor
• Stroke
• Brain hemorrhage
• Birth injury
What triggers an epileptic seizure?
There are some reported factors that highly trigger epilepsy are-
• Lack of sleep
• Illness or fever
• Stress
• Bright lights, flashing lights, or patterns
• Caffeine, alcohol, medicines, or drugs
• Skipping meals, overeating, or certain food ingredients
When to Seek Medical Help for Epilepsy?
You are recommended to visit a doctor if you or anyone of you know to experience these symptoms.
1) A first seizure
2) A seizure that continues for more than 5 minutes 
3) Breathing difficulty 
4) Persistent confusion or unconsciousness 
5) Injuries during a seizure
Self-Care at Home for Epilepsy
In case a seizure occurs, people nearby the victim can help him/her prevent injuries or danger by following certain tips.
• Put a pillow below the person's head.
• Loosen the dress.
• Turn the person on his or her side.
• Do not place anything in the mouth.
• Observe the victim’s behavior, activity, and seizure duration. It can help doctors identify the type of seizure.
You can consult neuro specialists through to treat your problem. 
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