What Causes Malnutrition? What Are Its Symptoms?

Post by DoctoriDuniya

Do you know that more than 45% of death of children under 5 occurs due to malnutrition? Yes, it kills more people than any other life threatening and deadly disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malnutrition is the gravest cause for concern to people’s health. Malnutrition attributes to a dietary deficiency and results when the intake of nutrients is too high or too low. It is not surprising that the effect of malnutrition in the body can cause wide range of negative change. Ranging from body mass change to poor wound healing to severe weight loss; it may lead to serious organ failure.

When a body lacks essential nutrition it becomes weakened and more vulnerable to catch infections. The body with malnutrition responds less to medicine or treatment as compared to healthy body or a well fed body. Malnourished children often have stunted growth, linked with long term health problem, educational challenges and limited work opportunities. 

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of malnutrition include- lack of appetite, weight loss, inability to concentrate, fatigue, feeling cold, fat loss, muscle loss, recurrent infections, keep getting sick, depression, breathing difficulty, pale body structure, etc.

What Causes Malnutrition?

There are various factors that cause malnutrition attributing to various environmental and medical conditions.

1) Reduced appetite or hunger- There can be various illnesses and conditions which contribute to lower intake of food. Your reduced appetite highly increases your chances of malnourished body. Elderly may suffer from it owing to badly fitting dentures.

2) Depression- Your mental health problems such as depression, dementia and schizophrenia may also contributes in developing malnutrition.

3) Digestive disorders- Your bad stomach conditions and digestive problems may also cause malnutrition. When you have problems like stomach ulcer or Crohn’s disease your body may find difficult to absorb essential nutrients and cause malnutrition.

4) Alcohol Addiction- Alcohol has been linked to various conditions that may cause malnutrition. Problems like gastritis, indigestion, hormonal imbalances, slow metabolism, and organ failure are linked with alcohol consumption that further result in malnutrition.

5) Dirty Environment- One of the commonest factors that can lead to malnutrition on people is dirty environment. People deprived with fresh and pure air, sunlight with dirty environment are more prone to lead malnutrition.

6) No access to right medication- No access to right medication also make people susceptible to malnutrition. The inability to afford doctor’s consultation also causes people to get malnourished.

7) Ignorance of Pregnant Mothers- Impoverished pregnant mothers are one of the factors for malnourished child. They are more prone to have underdeveloped or smaller babies.

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