Mouth ulcers also are known as sores that usually develop in the mouth especially on the cheeks and at the base of the gums. It can be painful and make your eating, drinking and talking difficult and uncomfortable. Usually, it takes one to two weeks to heal completely. If it takes longer time than this or keep coming back or become extremely painful, you should immediately talk to your doctor as it might be cancerous sores. Girls and adolescents are more susceptible to develop ulcers.
Is it Contagious?
It is believed by some people that if others have it you might also get it. But no, it is not contagious and can not be caught from others.
What causes mouth ulcers?
There is no exact cause behind it. However, certain risk factors can trigger it-
1- Minor mouth injury
2- Hard brushing
3- Accidental bite
4- Some toothpastes
5- Acidic foods
6- Chocolate and coffee
7- Lack of essential vitamins, especially B-12, zinc, folate, and iron
8- Allergic response to mouth bacteria
10- Hormonal changes
11- Emotional stress or lack of sleep
12- Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections
13- Inflammation in abdomen
What are the symptoms of mouth ulcers?
1. A painful sore or sores inside your mouth, on the tongue or inside your cheeks.
2. Sores in your mouth that are round, white, or grey in color, with a red edge or border.
4. Physical sluggishness
5. Swollen lymph nodes
You should immediately consult a doctor if you experience these symptoms-
1. Increased in size of mouth ulcers
2. Reoccurring frequently
3. Persisting longer than three weeks
4. Painless sores
5. Extending to lips
6. Uncontrolled pain persisting even after medication
7. Difficulty in eating, drinking and talking
8. High fever
How it is diagnosed?
Your doctor will diagnose it through a visual exam.
What are some ways to treat mouth ulcers?
Usually, they do not require any treatment and go away by themselves. In case, if they are extremely painful you can opt these mentioned treatments to reduce pain.
1. Using a rinse of salt water and baking soda
2. Applying ice to canker sores
3. Using mouth rinse that contains a steroid
4. Using pastes
5. Placing damp tea bags
6. Taking nutritional supplements
Tips to prevent mouth ulcers
1. Avoiding citric foods that irritate your mouth pineapple, grapefruit, oranges, or lemon, as well as nuts, chips, or anything spicy.
2. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
3. Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet and take a daily multi-vitamin.
4. Try to avoid talking while eating to reduce accidental bites.
5. Reduce stress, tension, and anxiety
6. Brush at least twice a day
7. Get proper sleep
8. Gargle with water after every meal
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