Depression is a mental state of low mood and aversion to activity. Classified medically as a mental and behavioral disorder, the experience of depression affects a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings, motivation and senses of well-being. Its a mood disorder that effects millions of people around the world. such as loss of a loved one, and it is also a symptom of some physical diseases and side effect of some drugs and medications. It may feature sadness, difficulty in thinking, concentrating and a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping. Most of the time people experiencing depression may have the feelings of dejection, hopelessness and suicidal thoughts. It can either be of short or long term.
Signs & Symptoms of depression
• A depressed mood
• Reduced interest in activities once enjoyed
• Loss of sexual desire
• Changes in appetite
• Unintentional weight loss or gain
• Sleeping too much or too little
• Restlessness, agitation, and pacing up and down
• Slowed movement and speech
• Fatigue or loss of energy
• Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
• Difficulty in concentrating, thinking, or making quick decisions
• Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an suicidal attempt
• Not everyone who is depressed experiences every symptom.
Some of the people experience only few symptoms while others may experience many. Several persistent symptoms in addition to low mood are required for a diagnosis of major depression, but people with only a few – but distressing – symptoms may benefit from treatment of their “subsyndromal” depression. The severity and frequency of symptoms and how long they last will vary depending on the individual and on his or her particular illness. Symptoms may also vary depending on the stage of the illness whether it is initial stage or major stage.
Types of Depression
• Persistent Depressive Disorder
• Bipolar Disorder
• Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
• Psychotic Depression
• Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
• Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
• 'Situational' Depression
• Atypical Depression
Persistent depressive disorder
It’s a mild but long-term form of depression. It is also called “Dysthymia” it is defined as a low mood occurring for at least two years, along with at least two other symptoms of depression.
Examples of symptoms include lost interest in normal activities, hopelessness, low self-esteem, low appetite, low energy, sleep changes and poor concentration but symptoms must last for two years to be considered persistent depressive disorder.
• Postpartum depression
Depression that occurs after childbirth. It specially occurs in women’s who are pregnant and after delivery. Those who develope postpartum depression are at greater risk of developing major depression later on in life.Symptoms might include insomnia, loss of appetite, intense irritability and difficulty bonding with the baby.Untreated, the condition may last months or longer.
• Psychotic depression is a very serious mood disorder that requires hospitalization occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations). The psychotic symptoms typically have a depressive “theme,” such as delusions of guilt, poverty, or illness.
• Seasonal affective disorder Its a mood disorder characterised by depression that occurs at the same time every year. It is also characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. This depression generally lifts during spring and summer. Symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, depression, hopelessness and social withdrawal.
• Bipolar disorder is different from depression, but it is included in this list because someone with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression (called “bipolar depression”). A disorder usually associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.
Depression is a mood disorder but, even the most severe cases, can be cure and treated. As soon as the treatment can begin, the more effective it is and more chances of getting better soon. Depression is usually treated with medications, psychotherapy, or is a combination of the two. If both the treatments do not work, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and other brain stimulation therapies may be options to explore.
Antidepressants are medicines that treat depression. It may help improve the way our brain uses certain chemicals that control mood or stress. Antidepressants takes time – usually from 2 to 4 weeks – to work, and often, symptoms such as sleep, appetite, and concentration problems improve before mood lifts, so its very important to give medication a chance before reaching any conclusion about its effectiveness.
Several types of psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy” or, counseling) can help people to overcome with depression.
Beyond Treatment: How to overcome Depression by your own
Here are other tips that may help you or your loved one during treatment
• Try to be active and exercise.
• Set realistic goals for yourself.
• Try to spend time with other people.
• Try not to isolate yourself, and let others help you.
• Expect your mood to improve not immediately but gradually,.
• Postpone important decisions, such as getting married or divorced, or changing jobs until you start feeling better. Always discuss it with others who know you well and have a more objective view of your situation.
• Continue to educate yourself about depression.
And if you or your loved ones who ever facing such serious issues then please consult with a Psychologist whether its online or offline get Consultation easily and get proper treatment because your mental health is as important as your physical health, so now a days in this busy world you can go for easy and comfortable consultation by sitting at your home or while in your working hours and can easily overcome with the problem of depression, anxiety, stress or mental illness by following proper medication, and regular exercise under doctor’s supervision.
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