Post by DoctoriDuniya

You must have heard about thyroid problems like hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) or hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland). But have you ever heard about thyroid cancer? It may sound strange to you but it has already affected and killed millions of people in India. Amongthe most prevalent cancers in women such as breast cancer, gallbladder cancer- thyroid cancer is also one of them.

What is thyroid cancer?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland with two lobes that lies in front of the neck, just below the voice box. Thyroid cancer starts in the thyroid gland. When its normal cells begin to grow out of control and spread to other areas of the body, it results in thyroid cancer.


What are the symptoms of thyroid cancer?

People with thyroid cancer might not notice any symptoms at initial stages.


But as the stage increases and thyroid cancer grows and develops, people may experience symptoms like-
1. Hoarseness in voice
2. Being unable to talk
3. Lump in the neck
4. Enlargement of the neck
5. Trouble in breathing
6. Trouble in swallowing
7. Coughing up blood
8.You may have pain in your neck and sometimes in your ears.

If you have these symptoms, it does not necessarily mean that you have thyroid cancer. Other medical conditions may also cause these symptoms.

What are the causes of thyroid cancer?


1. Radiation exposure
2. Family history
3. Occupational and environmentalexposures
4. Hepatitis-C
5. Gender and Age (women in their 40s or 50s and men in their 60s or 70s)
6. A diet low in iodine

What are the treatments for thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is usually treated in the following ways:


1. Surgery: In this treatment process a part of your gland or all of your gland is removed with surgery.
2. Radioactive iodine: In this radioactive therapy the infected cells are destroyed with the small amount of radiation.
3. Thyroid hormone: Thyroid hormone medicine is given after surgery or radiation so that your body can receive the correct amount of thyroid hormone.
4. External-beam radiation therapy: In this treatment process external beam radiation is used to kill cancerous cells.
5. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a treatment process that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells.


Can Thyroid Cancer Be Prevented?
Most people with thyroid cancer show no known risk factors, so it becomes difficult to prevent most cases of this disease.
If you suspect these conditions, talk with your doctor to prevent future complexities.


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