An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who examines your eye for the range of conditions if you suspect any eye problems. Eyes are so sensitive organ that require at least one visit to eye doctor for the proper checkup every year. A checkup help you know the status of your eye health and vision. An ophthalmologist visit also helps detect the silent eye diseases which may completely cause vision loss if not diagnosed and treated at right time.
Eyes diseases can occur at any age of life, however it mostly hit as the age passes. Some of the most common eye problems include cataract, nearsightedness, night blindness, glaucoma, macular degeneration, dry eye etc.
Eye diseases can range from temporary discomfort to complete blindness. There are uncountable numbers of reasons that can lead to eye problems. Some of the most common causes are a bacterial, viral or fungal infection, external injury, genetics, diabetes, migraine, allergies, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, medication etc.
Eyes need proper attention and care throughout our lives. Sometimes you think that your eyes are fine enough to see the world but you might be wrong. Because its symptoms differ from other health condition and require extra attention. If you experience something wrong with your vision or physical changes in eyes, must consult with an ophthalmologist without any delay.
The signs and symptoms of eye diseases may vary from people to people. Some of the common symptoms include eye pain, recurrent pain around the eye, blurred or double vision, bright floating spot, sensitivity to light, red eyes, sudden change in vision, discharge from eye, changes in color of eyes, itching and burning etc.
Depending on the symptoms and the severity of the eyes condition, an ophthalmologist may perform one or more of these tests to detect the root cause of the problem. Some of the common tests include color blindness test, cover test, ocular motility (eye movements) testing, stereopsis (depth perception) test, retinoscopy, refraction, slit lamp exam, the glaucoma test, pupil dilation, visual field test, visual acuity tests, tonometry, ophthalmoscopy, gonioscopy, visual field testing, nerve fiber analysis, pachymetry etc.
Conjunctivitis is a common eye infection that occurs with symptoms like thick yellow or white discharge, redness, itchiness, inflammation, burning sensation, blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light etc. Conjunctivitis is a highly contagious eye problem that can easily spread from an infected person to a healthy person. Some of the top causes include viral or bacterial infection, irritants of dirt or smoke, dust allergy etc.
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