The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Acute spine cord injury is due to a traumatic injury that either results in a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord it can lead to permanent disability or death. Causes of acute spine cord injury are accidents, sports injuries, infections from an abscess on the spinal cord, etc. Diagnosis includes MRI, blood tests, etc. Neurosurgeons treat acute spinal cord injury.