In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART). It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm. This fertilized egg is known as an embryo. The embryo can then be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus. There are five steps involved in IVF that is stimulation, egg retrieval, insemination, embryo culture, transfer. IVF procedure is performed by IVF Specialists or Gynaecology and Obstetrics.