The most common kidney diseases are diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, kidney stone, polycystic kidney disease, uremia, urinary tract infection, renal cyst, hematuria, acute kidney injury, etc.
Most of the kidney diseases are silent and become worse gradually. Some of them do not show symptoms until they become life-threatening. Thus, recognizing their symptoms is a bit tough. However, some of the most common symptoms that warn you may have kidney disease are itching, muscle cramps, nausea, lack of appetite, swelling in feet, frequent urination, less urination, shortness of breath, trouble sleeping, abdominal pain, back pain, diarrhea, fever, nosebleed etc.
There are various risk factors that mainly contribute to developing kidney diseases. Some of them include kidney infection, the cyst in kidney, physical injury, autoimmune diseases, urinary tract infections, genetic diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, old age, etc.
There are ranges of tests that help identify the kidney problem. Your kidney doctor may recommend you test such as blood test, urine test, an imaging test, biopsy etc to diagnose the real problem.
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A nephrologist is a specialized doctor treating all types of kidney diseases. There is a spectrum of kidney diseases that can affect people of any age ranging from newborn babies to the elderly. Though, kidney diseases are silent diseases and usually do not show up symptoms initially until they become serious. The sooner the kidney diseases get treated, the more the chances of betterment. So it is important to keep eyes on every signal changes in the body and its normal functions. On experiencing some symptoms such as itching, fatigue, muscle cramps, nausea, lack of appetite, swelling in feet, frequent urination, less urination, etc you are recommended to visit a nephrologist to know the underlying causes of your condition.